New York Botanical Garden, The

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United States of America - New York - Bronx

Institution Code: NY

International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: Yes

Enid A. Haupt Conservatory
Enid A. Haupt Conservatory

About the New York Botanical Garden, The

Founded in 1891, the Garden is one of the world’s great collections of plants, the region’s leading educational center for gardening and horticulture, and an international center for plant research. The Garden is alive with opportunities for discovery, from an "ecotour" of the world in the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory to an innovative indoor/outdoor science museum for kids to 50 exquisite gardens and plant collections, all on a 250-acre National Historic Landmark site in New York City’s Bronx borough.

Main Address:
New York Botanical Garden, The
2900 Southern Boulevard
New York 10458-5126 United States of America

Telephone: (718) 817-8700
Fax: (718) 220-6504
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Lauren Turchio, Chief Operating Officer
    Curator's Name: Todd Forrest, Arthur Ross Vice President for Horticulture and Living Collections
    Plant Records Officer's Name:

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Date founded: 1891
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: Yes
    Natural vegetation area: Size: 31 Hectares
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
    Landscaped Area: Size: 42 Hectares
  • Total Area: 101 Hectares
    Latitude: 40.8667875
    Longitude: -73.8832653
    Annual Rainfall: 89 mm
    Altitude: 0.00 Metres
    Total area of glasshouses: 12140 Metres
    Total area of shadehouses: 4046 Metres

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 7200000
    Arboretum: Yes
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Yes
    Seed Bank: No
    Published Plant Catalogue: No
    Computer Plant Record System: Yes
  • Open to public: Yes
    Friends society: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Shop: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: Yes
    Disabled access: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 800000
    Number of Volunteers: 1484

Plant Collections

  • Accession Number: 21975
    Cultivation Taxa Num: 14418
  • Special Collections:Acer (119 taxa) - NAPCC Collection
    Quercus (48 taxa) - NAPCC Collection
    Rhododendron (458 taxa)
    Magnolia (75 taxa)
    Malus (87 taxa)
    Prunus (79 taxa)
    Hamamelidaceae (92 taxa)
    Pinus (116 taxa)
    Picea (72 taxa)
    Rosa (733 taxa)
    Syringa (95 taxa)
    Cornaceae (87 taxa)

    Narcissus (332 taxa)
    Hemerocallis (458 taxa)
    Paeonia (200 taxa)
    Asteraceae (440 taxa)
    Iris (236 taxa)

    Arecaceae (145 taxa)
    Cycads (74 taxa)
    Tropical Ericads (56 taxa)
    Araceae (264 taxa)
    Cactaceae (408 taxa)
    Orchidaceae (2261 taxa)
  • Invasive Species Monitoring: Yes

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Yes
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Reintroduction Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: Yes
    Plant Breeding: Yes
    Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Conservation - Genetics: Yes
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: Yes
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Ethnobotany: Yes
    Exploration: Yes
    Floristics: Yes
    Horticulture: Yes
    Invasive Species Biology and Control: Yes
    Molecular Genetics: Yes
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Restoration Ecology: Yes
    Seed/Spore Biology: Yes
    Systematics and Taxonomy: Yes
    Sustainability: Yes
    Pharmacology: Yes
    Agriculture: Yes
    Land Restoration: Yes
    Urban Environments: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Education Signs in Garden: Yes
    Public Lectures/Talks: Yes
    Education Booklets/Leaflets: Yes
    Guided Tours: Yes
    Permanent Public Displays: Yes
    Special Exhibitions: Yes
    Courses for School Children: Yes
    Courses for General Public: Yes
    Education Programme: Yes

The Thain Family Forest Program

The Thain Family Forest is a 20 hectare (50 acre) old growth, urban forest in the heart of the New York Botanical Garden’s (NYBG) 250 acre landscape and is the largest remnant of forest that once covered much of New York City. A canopy of centuries-old oaks, tulip trees, sweetgums, maples and other native hardwoods rises over dramatic terrain that includes the Bronx River floodplain and gorge, intermittent streams, ephemeral pools, and rocky ridges. The Forest has been an important research site, a favorite visitor destination, and an invaluable educational resource since NYBG became its steward in 1895. This unique urban woodland, which founding director Nathaniel Lord Britton referred to as “the most precious natural possession of the city of New York”, was the primary reason for the establishment of NYBG on its site. NYBG, recognizing the scientific, educational, and cultural value of the Forest, is committed to the continued preservation of this beautiful and important natural resource. The Forest, originally known as the “Hemlock Grove,” has changed considerably since 1895. The hemlocks that once dominated the canopy began to decline early in the 20th century and have been nearly decimated in the last 30 years by two invasive insects: hemlock woolly adelgid and elongate hemlock scale. Human-caused disturbances including soil compaction, over-collection of native plants, pollution, introduction of invasive species, fragmentation, loss of top predators, and climate change threaten the remaining native plant communities and habitats. Previous stewards, respectful of natural processes that created the Forest and informed by ecological theories of their times, preferred a “let alone” policy of limited human intervention. After decades of this approach, it became clear that active management of the Forest would be necessary to mitigate the cumulative effects of anthropogenic disturbances. In 2008, to address threats to the Forest’s health,  NYBG created of a comprehensive program of research, education, and ecological restoration.

Restoration planting of Tsuga canadensis (Canadian hemlock) in the old “Hemlock Grove”. Seedlings grown from trees in the eastern U.S. showing natural resistance to hemlock wooly adelgid were planted in the Thain Family Forest in 2015

The goals of the Thain Family Forest Program are to encourage natural ecosystem processes and mitigate anthropogenic disturbances; to promote the natural regeneration of native species with minimal human intervention; to study and understand the impacts of the urban environment on forest health; to connect people with nature; to communicate the importance of forest ecosystems and the significance of having an old-growth forest in New York City; to teach about conservation, including the impacts of invasive species and ecological restoration; and to engage volunteers, students, and interns in all aspects of research, stewardship, and education. Please contact Jessica Arcate Schuler for more information about this project.

Visit the Thain Family Forest website

Read the Thain Family Forest Management Plan

Learn more about the Historic and Extant Spontaneous Flora of NYBG

NYBG staff conducting the forest inventory in summer 2016. This inventory is repeated every five years to document forest change and track ecological restoration progress