Pannonhalmi Főapátság Arborétum, Gyógynövénykert - Pannonhalma Archabbey Arboretum and Herbal Garden

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Hungary - Pannonhalma

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International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: No

About the Pannonhalmi Főapátság Arborétum, Gyógynövénykert - Pannonhalma Archabbey Arboretum and Herbal Garden

The first garden in Pannonhalma, Hungary was planted around the time the Archabbey was founded at the end of the 10th century. The founder of the order, Saint Benedict writes in his Rule “If it can be done, the monastery should be so situated that all the necessities, such as water, the mill, the garden, are enclosed, and the various arts may be plied inside of the monastery” (RB 66,6). Healing herbs and crops were grown in the monastery garden since its inception.
Fábián Szeder, the mind behind the present day Arboretum was a Benedictine monk who created the English Garden or landscape garden according to the customs of 1830. He kept a horticultural diary for the first decade of the Arboretum between 1831 and 1841in which he carefully documented daily tasks, the species that were planted, weather conditions, etc. As a result of conscious efforts, approx. 80 ornamental tree and shrub species could be found here. At the recommendation of academic Sándor Jávorka, the Nature Conservation Office declared the arboretum a natural preserve in 1963. The record from the assessment drawn up at the time notes 22 coniferous and 130 foliose tree species. In 1992 the area became the Pannonhalma Landscape Protection Area and in 1996 the Arboretum, along with buildings of the Archabbey were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The collection of flora from five continents is an excellent feature of the 11 acre Pannonhalma Arboretum. Today the garden collection boasts 1300 plant species. Apart from flora, we must also mention the variety of birds that inhabit the area. Today, about 40% of all domestic bird species, that is over 150 kinds of birds, can be observed in the Arboretum.

Herbal Garden
Today, we grow 35 different herbs in plots of our 27-acre garden.
Our most important healing herb is lavender which we produce on 10 acres. In our gardens, you will find both ‘real” lavender and hybrid (Lavandin) lavender. It is likely that there were already a few stalks of the herb grown here in the 18th century. Large-scale production, however, only began in the first half of the 20th century. Today, lavender oil is the main ingredient in the medicinal and cosmetic products we make. Upon reviving monastic traditional medicine and herb production, we have planted four new species of healing herbs since 2009. They are sage, thyme, peppermint, and lemon balm. These are primarily used to produce essential oils and teas. They are also used as ingredients in cosmetic and medicinal products, as well as loose-leaf tea, tea blends. In addition they are used as seasonings in puddings, biscuits, ice cream, and other products (chocolates) in our confectionery.
The garden you see today was planted in 2011 using sixteen plots following the example of Sankt Gallen. It contains several healing herbs and seasoning herbs that can be easily grown in small gardens, such as summer savory, rosemary, peppermint, hyssop, and yarrow.
Apart from our main herbs, in our 28 small plots garden we have: coriander, tarragon, purple coneflower, fennel, white horehound, marigold, basil, clary, lovage, echinacea, milk thistle, and safflower.

Main Address:
Pannonhalmi Főapátság Arborétum, Gyógynövénykert - Pannonhalma Archabbey Arboretum and Herbal Garden
9090 Hungary

Telephone: +36 96 570 193
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Szabó Márton OSB
    Curator's Name: Szabó Márton OSB,
    Plant Records Officer's Name: Bolvári István
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 8
    Educational Staff Number: 1
    Research Staff Number:
    Administration Staff Number: 1

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: Private: Yes
    Status: State: Yes
    Status: Educational: Yes
    Status: Municipal: No
    Status: Satellite: No
    Status: Trust: Yes
  • Date founded: 1830
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: Yes
    Natural vegetation area: Size: 4 Hectares
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
    Landscaped Area: Size: 18 Hectares
  • Total Area: 22 Hectares
    Latitude: 47.5522289
    Longitude: 17.7597224
    Annual Rainfall: 600 mm
    Altitude: 253.00 Metres
    Total area of glasshouses: 124 Metres
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: Pannonhalmi Főapátság Arborétum és Gyógynövénykert
  • Local Address: Várkerület 1.
  • Locality: City: Pannonhalma
  • Locality: State:

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 150
    Arboretum: Yes
    Arboretum Size: 11
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: No
    Seed Bank: No
    Published Plant Catalogue: No
    Computer Plant Record System: Yes
  • Open to public: Yes
    Friends society: No
    Retail Outlet: Shop: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: Yes
    Disabled access: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 15000
    Number of Volunteers: 5

Plant Collections

  • Accession Number: 1300
    Cultivation Taxa Num: 330
  • Special Collections:The Arboretum is located in the northwestern part of Transdanubia where the plain and mountain habitats meet. Thanks to varied natural habitats, wildlife is very diverse.
    The hillside was originally covered with oak trees. In the beginning of 1830’s, as a result of deliberate planting efforts, the first ornamental trees and shrubbery were added to the garden. These new plants were obtained by the monks through either trading or purchasing. The Kentucky coffeetree, the English yew tree, the small-leaved linden, and the Chinese rubber tree stand out from the present extensive collection that boasts several hundreds of species.
    Among the protected herbaceous plants of the garden are the winter aconite which blooms in early spring and forms a carpet with its blossoms, the spring pheasant’s eye, and the spring snowflake.
    Beginning in the spring multitudes of insects as well as forest-dwelling amphibians and reptiles, such as the agile frog and the aesculapian snake, appear in the garden. A rarity among the over 150 observed bird species, is the black woodpecker. Some other birds of note that nest here are the tawny owl and the mistle thrush. In past years, the European crested tit, a bird that originally nested in pine forests, has come to winter in the garden with increasing frequency.

    Smaller mammals also call the Arboretum home. Tere are large numbers of red squirrels, eastern hedgehogs and different bat species occurring in the area.
  • Invasive Species Monitoring: Yes
    Invasive Species Policy: No
    ABS Policy: No
    Plant Collection Policy: Yes

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: No
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: No
    Reintroduction Programme: No

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: No
    Plant Breeding: No
    Conservation - Biology: No
    Conservation - Genetics: No
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: No
    Ecology: No
    Ecosystem Conservation: No
    Education: No
    Ethnobotany: No
    Exploration: No
    Floristics: No
    Horticulture: Yes
    Invasive Species Biology and Control: No
    Molecular Genetics: No
    Pollination Biology: No
    Restoration Ecology: No
    Seed/Spore Biology: No
    Systematics and Taxonomy: No
    Sustainability: No
    Pharmacology: Yes
    Agriculture: No
    Land Restoration: No
    Urban Environments: No

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Education Signs in Garden: Yes
    Public Lectures/Talks: Yes
    Education Booklets/Leaflets: Yes
    Guided Tours: Yes
    Permanent Public Displays: Yes
    Special Exhibitions: Yes
    Courses for School Children: Yes
    Courses for University/College Students: Yes
    Courses for General Public: Yes
    Education Programme: Yes