Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat-sen

Search again Edit this page
China - Jiangsu - Nanjing

Institution Code: NAS

International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: Yes

Sun Yat-sen square
Sun Yat-sen square

About the Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat-sen

Nanjing Botanical Garden is the first national botanical garden established in 1929 in China. In 1954, it was received and reconstructed by Eastern China Research Station, Institute of Plant Taxonomy Academia Sinica and renamed as Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat-Sen, Academia Sinica. By this time, the garden and the institute of botany have merged into a single whole. After 1970, the ownership of the garden belonged to Jiangsu Province. It has under dual leadership of Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Science since 1993.

The garden is located in the eastern suburb of Nanjing , a National Scenic Area. With the Purple Mountain behind and the Qianhu Lake in front, the garden lies beside the ancient city wall of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the famous Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum. The area of the garden is totally 186 hectare with mild climate, luxuriant vegetation, 1awns, hills and lakes. It is both a fascinating scenic spot and a mysterious plant kingdom.

Through hard efforts of several generations, the garden has turned into a well-known modern comprehensive botanical garden that incorporates scientific research, botanical education and tourism. The garden has a living collection of about 4500 taxa and is divided into Northern Garden and Southern garden. As a research center on central and northern subtropical floras of China, the Northern Garden consists of 10 specialized gardens and 700, 000 sheets of herbarium specimens. With collection, introduction, development, utilization and protection of plant resources as its major target, the Northern Garden has gained rich achievements in the research on plant taxonomy, medicinal plants, economic plants, ornamental plants, plant phytochemistry, environmental plants and biodiversity protection. With Tropical Palace as its centre, the Southern Garden consists of specialized garden such as Garden for the Visually-Handicapped,Grass Garden, Aquatic Plant Garden, Rock Garden, Bamboo Garden, Recreational Forest Section, Spore Plant Section, City Landscaping Plant Section Economic Plant Section and Plant Maze.

Emphasizing on international exchange and cooperation, the garden has set up an exchange program of seeds, plants, specimens and books with over 600 agencies of more than 60 countries in the world. The sister relationship of botanical gardens was established with Missouri Botanical Garden USA, which was the first one in China. Friendly relationship with Botanical Garden of UBC in Canada and the Botanical Garden, University of Tokyo, Japan was also set up. NBG was the first botanical garden in China who joined IUCN and became a member of Threatened Plant Committee of IUCN. The garden held both International Symposium on Botanical Garden( which was the first one in Asia) and Ⅺ International Association of Botanic Gardens Conference successfully.

Combining scientific contents with artistic appearance, the garden is also a national popular science education base, and receives over 300,000 visitors both domestic and overseas each year.

Main Address:
Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat-sen
P.O. Box 1435
No.1 Qianhu Houcun,Zhongshanmen Wai,
Jiangsu 210014 China

Telephone: 86 (0)25 84347118
Fax: 86 (0)25 84432074
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Jianhui Xue
    Curator's Name:
    Plant Records Officer's Name:
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 99
    Educational Staff Number: 38
    Research Staff Number: 114
    Administration Staff Number: 32

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: State: Yes
  • Date founded: 1929
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: Yes
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
  • Total Area: 186 Hectares
    Latitude: 32.05135
    Longitude: 118.83344
    Annual Rainfall: 1010 mm
    Altitude: 80.00 Metres
  • Additional Locations
  • Satellite Garden Names: Xishan Botanical Satellite Garden
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: 南京中山植物园
  • Local Address: 中国江苏省南京市中山门外前湖后村1号,邮编 210014
  • Locality: City: 南京
  • Locality: State: 江苏

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 700000
    Arboretum: Yes
    Arboretum Size: 10
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Yes
    Seed Bank: Yes
    Published Plant Catalogue: Yes
    Computer Plant Record System: Yes
  • Open to public: Yes
    Friends society: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Shop: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: Yes
    Disabled access: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 300000
    Number of Volunteers: 100

Plant Collections

  • Accession Number: 8000
    Cultivation Taxa Num: 4500
  • Special Collections:Medicinal plants, rare and endangered species, especially those native to Eastern China,trees and shrubs of central and north subtropical area, ornamental plants, succulent and cactus, Iris, timber trees, woody oil plants, ornamental plants, technical plants (Pseudolarix amabilis, P. kaempferi, Nyssa sinensis, Carya cathayensis, Torreya grandis, Tapiscia sinensis, Taxus chinensis, SinojaRare and endangered species, especially those native to Eastern China.
  • Invasive Species Monitoring: Yes
    Invasive Species Policy: Yes
    ABS Policy: Yes
    Plant Collection Policy: Yes

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Yes
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: Yes
    Reintroduction Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: Yes
    Plant Breeding: Yes
    Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Conservation - Genetics: Yes
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: Yes
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Ethnobotany: Yes
    Exploration: Yes
    Floristics: Yes
    Horticulture: Yes
    Invasive Species Biology and Control: Yes
    Molecular Genetics: Yes
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Restoration Ecology: Yes
    Systematics and Taxonomy: Yes
    Sustainability: Yes
    Pharmacology: Yes
    Agriculture: Yes
    Land Restoration: Yes
    Urban Environments: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Education Signs in Garden: Yes
    Public Lectures/Talks: Yes
    Education Booklets/Leaflets: Yes
    Guided Tours: Yes
    Permanent Public Displays: Yes
    Special Exhibitions: Yes
    Courses for School Children: Yes
    Courses for University/College Students: Yes
    Courses for General Public: Yes
    Education Programme: Yes